Eggplants should be guided on rods or strings to allow an erect growth. Dead leaves should be removed and regular weeding is important since the crop requires a high amount of nutrients. The soil should be moist but not flooded. Fruit harvesting can be done approximately 110 to 170 days after sowing.
Solanum melongena requires a rich and porous soil that is well drained but not dry. The soil should be only slightly acidic, a pH of 6.5 is ideal. The roots of the plant extend up to 50 cm into the soil, a barrier-free soil is therefore favorable.
Solanum melongena grows in tropical to temperate climates. If grown in cooler temperatures it might be necessary to start the growth process in a greenhouse until the soil is warm enough for transplanting. In cold climates the crop is grown as annual, while warm climates allow a perennial growth. Direct sunlight is beneficial for the growth of the plant.