The land should be well-plowed and have had manure well-incorporated. Okra requires moderate quantities of water that should preferably be delivered through drip irrigation at regular intervals. Weed management is also crucial for okra cultivation as it has a long harvesting period which can be impacted by weed growth. Crop rotation can help to minimize the incidence of pests and diseases.
Okra can be grown in a wide range of soils. It grows best in loose, friable, well-drained sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. It can also produce good yields in heavy soils so long as there is good drainage. An optimum pH for this plant ranges from 6.0-6.8. Alkaline, saline soils and soils with poor drainage are not good for this crop.
Okra is one of the most heat- and drought-tolerant vegetables in the world; once established, it can survive severe drought conditions. However, Okra grows best in warm and humid conditions, with a temperature range of 24-27°C.