The soil should be plowed deeply before planting with a minimum depth of 450-600 mm being achieved. Plowing will help incorporate any remaining soil matter into the soil and improve soil texture. Soil should be fumigated 2 weeks before planting to control for nematodes. Cabbage requires high amounts of nutrient to grow successfully with around 200-250 kg of Nitrogen added per hectare. Several applications of fertilizer can help in obtaining higher yields. Cabbage can be directly seeded or transplanted with seedlings. Roughly 2kg of seeds per hectare is required. Irrigation should occur immediately after sowing or planting and followed with an irrigation every 8 days in lighter soils until the desired size is achieved. Harvesting can be completed by hand by cutting the cabbage at the stalk when the cabbage is at a slightly immature stage. Storage should occur in a cool, humid environment.
Cabbage can grow in nearly any type of soil depending on the variety but thrives in well-drained, loamy soils. Under conditions with high rainfall, sandier soils are preferred due to higher drainage rates. Since cabbage is sensitive to highly acidic soils, the ideal pH range is 5.5 to 6.5. Cabbage requires a large number of nutrients, so soils with higher organic matter content are preferred.
Cabbage grows best in cool and humid climates. When exposed to higher heat, yields can be lower and it will become more difficult to control pests. The optimal temperature range for growth is between 18-20 °C. Cabbage is very resistant to cold weather and can survive in temperatures as low as -3°C without crop damage. Cabbage is highly adaptable and can be grown in many regions throughout the entire year. Water requirements vary from 380 to 500 mm per crop. Crop water usage increases during the growing season.