Removing unwanted bottom dry and green leaves (detrashing) at regular intervals is an important practice because only the top eight to ten leaves are required for optimum photosynthesis. Detrashing should be taken up after the cane formation around 150 days after planting and done at a bi-monthly interval after that. Once planted, sugarcane can be harvested multiple times. After each harvest, the cane will produce new stalks. Yields decrease with each harvest and thus is replanted after a while. In commercial settings, this is done after 2 to 3 harvests. Harvest is done by hand or mechanically.
Sugarcane can be grown on many soils ranging although a well-drained, deep, loamy soil is ideal. A soil pH between 5 and 8.5 is required for sugarcane growth, 6.5 being the optimum range.
Sugarcane is adapted to a tropical or subtropical climate growing between the latitude 36.7° north and 31.0° south of the equator. The ideal temperature for the sprouting of stem cuttings is 32° to 38°C. A total rainfall between 1100 and 1500 mm is ideal since it requires plenty of water for a continuous period of more than 6 to 7 months. High humidity (80-85%) favours rapid cane elongation during the grand growth period.