Sugarcane

Saccharum officinarum


Watering
High

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
300 - 550 days

Labour
Low

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5 - 8.5

Temperature
32°C - 38°C

Fertilization
High


Sugarcane

Introduction

Sugarcane is a cash crop used to produce over 75 per cent of the world's sugar, but it is also used as fodder for livestock. Sugarcane is a tropical perennial grass native to Asia. It produces tall-growing lateral stems which turn into thick stalks or canes, from which sugar is made. Brazil and India are the largest producers of sugarcane in the world.

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Overview of the fertilization plan
Healthy plant material

Care

Care

Removing unwanted bottom dry and green leaves (detrashing) at regular intervals is an important practice because only the top eight to ten leaves are required for optimum photosynthesis. Detrashing should be taken up after the cane formation around 150 days after planting and done at a bi-monthly interval after that. Once planted, sugarcane can be harvested multiple times. After each harvest, the cane will produce new stalks. Yields decrease with each harvest and thus is replanted after a while. In commercial settings, this is done after 2 to 3 harvests. Harvest is done by hand or mechanically.

Soil

Sugarcane can be grown on many soils ranging although a well-drained, deep, loamy soil is ideal. A soil pH between 5 and 8.5 is required for sugarcane growth, 6.5 being the optimum range.

Climate

Sugarcane is adapted to a tropical or subtropical climate growing between the latitude 36.7° north and 31.0° south of the equator. The ideal temperature for the sprouting of stem cuttings is 32° to 38°C. A total rainfall between 1100 and 1500 mm is ideal since it requires plenty of water for a continuous period of more than 6 to 7 months. High humidity (80-85%) favours rapid cane elongation during the grand growth period.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.

Sugarcane

Sugarcane

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!

Download Now

Sugarcane

Saccharum officinarum

Sugarcane

Grow healthy crops and yield big with the Plantix App!

USE PLANTIX NOW!

Introduction

Sugarcane is a cash crop used to produce over 75 per cent of the world's sugar, but it is also used as fodder for livestock. Sugarcane is a tropical perennial grass native to Asia. It produces tall-growing lateral stems which turn into thick stalks or canes, from which sugar is made. Brazil and India are the largest producers of sugarcane in the world.

Key Facts

Watering
High

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
300 - 550 days

Labour
Low

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5 - 8.5

Temperature
32°C - 38°C

Fertilization
High

Sugarcane

Sugarcane

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!

Download Now

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Overview of the fertilization plan
Healthy plant material

Care

Care

Removing unwanted bottom dry and green leaves (detrashing) at regular intervals is an important practice because only the top eight to ten leaves are required for optimum photosynthesis. Detrashing should be taken up after the cane formation around 150 days after planting and done at a bi-monthly interval after that. Once planted, sugarcane can be harvested multiple times. After each harvest, the cane will produce new stalks. Yields decrease with each harvest and thus is replanted after a while. In commercial settings, this is done after 2 to 3 harvests. Harvest is done by hand or mechanically.

Soil

Sugarcane can be grown on many soils ranging although a well-drained, deep, loamy soil is ideal. A soil pH between 5 and 8.5 is required for sugarcane growth, 6.5 being the optimum range.

Climate

Sugarcane is adapted to a tropical or subtropical climate growing between the latitude 36.7° north and 31.0° south of the equator. The ideal temperature for the sprouting of stem cuttings is 32° to 38°C. A total rainfall between 1100 and 1500 mm is ideal since it requires plenty of water for a continuous period of more than 6 to 7 months. High humidity (80-85%) favours rapid cane elongation during the grand growth period.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.