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Phaeosphaeria Leaf Spot

Phaeosphaeria Leaf Spot

Phaeosphaeria maydis

fungi

In a Nutshell

    Small, pale green to yellow chlorotic spots scattered over the leaf blade appearThese spots develop into circular or oblong lesions with bleached and dried centers and dark brown irregular marginsIn severe cases, they coalesce and blight the entire leafPhaeosphaeria Leaf Spot is generally considered as a late season disease of minor importance

Hosts: %1$s

· Maize

Symptoms

Initial symptoms appear as small, pale green to yellow chlorotic spots scattered over the leaf blade. These spots later enlarge and develop into circular or oblong lesions (3 to 20 mm) with bleached and dried centers and dark brown irregular margins. In severe cases, they coalesce and blight the entire leaf. Minute black specks are visible within the lesions on the underside of leaves. If the infection occurs during the early stage of plant growth and the upper leaves are blighted before flowering it can lead to severe yield losses.

Trigger

The disease is caused by the fungus Phaeosphaeria maydis, which overwinters in crop debris. During favorable conditions, its spores are propagated to new plants by rain splashes and wind. It germinates on new leaves and starts to initiate a secondary stage of infection. High rainfall and high relative humidities (above 70%), together with relatively low night temperatures (around 15°C), favor the progression of the disease. These conditions are prevalent at high altitudes. The disease affects plant productivity and yield only in specific cases. In general, it is considered as a late season disease of minor importance.

Biological Control

Sorry, to date we don't know of any biological treatment for Phaeosphaeria Leaf Spot. Please get in touch with us in case you know of anything that might help to fight this disease. Looking forward to hearing from you.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological control measures if available. Fungicides such as mancozeb, pyraclostrobin can be sprayed on leaves to control the disease.

Preventive Measures

    Use resistant varieties if availablePlant earlier or later to avoid weather conditions that favor the spread of the diseasePlow deep and bury crop residues after harvest