Penicillium ear rot

Disease

Penicillium ear rot

Penicillium spp.

fungi

In a Nutshell

    The fungi infect the corn ears, entry points can be insect lesions or mechanical injuriesA moldy blue-green growth is visible on the cob surface and on the kernelsThe infected kernels are typically bleached and are rotting internally (a symptom called blue eye)Sometimes this mold growth is only visible after harvest or during storage

Hosts: %1$s

· Sorghum · Maize

Symptoms

Penicillium ear rot is first observed onto the corn kernels after harvest, thereby its name. Plants contaminated during the vegetative stage show stunted growth, wilt and chlorosis. During later plant stages, the fungi can infect the ears, insect lesions or mechanical injuries can serve as entry points. Mechanical injuries can occur during field work or harvest. Elevated temperatures and high humidities lead to the growth of a moldy blue-green growth on the cob surface and on the kernels. The infected kernels are typically bleached and streaked and are also rotting internally (a symptom called blue eye). Sometimes this mold growth is only visible after harvest or during storage. The rotting kernels can lead to yield or post-harvest losses.

Trigger

The fungi Penicillium spp. are airborne and ubiquitous in the environment. They are capable of growing at low water availability and survive in infected plant debris in the soil or in storage facilities. They are usually spread through wind and rain splashes and infect ears through wounds. They thrive in high humidities and elevated temperatures. The disease is more common during flower and fruit development. The first symptoms might become visible only during storage.

Biological Control

Sorry, we don't know of any alternative treatment against Penicillium spp. . Please get in touch with us in case you know of something that might help to fight this disease. Looking forward to hearing from you.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach before opting for chemical control measures. If really necessary, fungicides containing mancozeb or captan can be applied.

Preventive Measures

    Use seeds from healthy plant or from certified sourcesPlant resistant or tolerant varietiesAdjust sowing time so that grain filling takes place in times of low rainfall and low humidityLeave sufficient space between plants to allow for good ventilationKeep the field clear of weeds and alternative hostsTake great care not to damage the crops during handlingHarvest as soon as possible to avoid damageMaintain seed moisture below 14% during storage to avoid fungal growth on kernelsInfected grains should not be used as seeds in subsequent seasons




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