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Ergot

Ergot

Claviceps fusiformis

fungi

In a Nutshell

    Creamy pink to red colored liquid on the ear head (honeydew)Black sclerotia or ergot bodies replace grain kernels

Hosts: %1$s

· Millet

Symptoms

In the ear head, a pink to red liquid is secreted from the infected florets. It can drop on the foliage and onto the ground. The liquid contains a large amount of conidia. Infected florets do not produce grains. Black fungal masses replace the seeds.

Trigger

Favorable conditions are a relative humid climate and temperatures between 20 to 39°C. 5 to 7 days after infection, honeydew is secreted. The honeydew promotes a secondary infection of the florets. Ergot can lead to severe health problems for humans and animals in case of consumption. The fungus survives throughout the year in plant residues.

Biological Control

Crude Neem products can be used.

Chemical Control

Fungicides containing Ziram or Carbendazim can be used to control and prevent Ergot.

Preventive Measures

    Plant resistant varietiesUse uncontaminated seedsEnsure balanced nutrient supply (low nitrogen and high phosphor)Plant early in rainfed conditionsPlough deep to bury all plant residuesIntersperse Sorghum with Mung bean