Olive Knot


Olive Knot

Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi


In a Nutshell

    Presence of knots on twigs, stems and branches, usually but not always, at leaf nodesThese deformations of the bark can reach several centimetersTrees with less vigor and reduced growth

Hosts: %1$s

· Olive


The main visible symptom of this disease is the appearance of knots on twigs, branches, trunks and roots in spring and summer. On branches they develop usually but not always, at leaf nodes or the fruit stems. These deformations of the bark can reach several centimeters in diameter and can occasionally also grow on leaves or buds. Stem dieback is common, as the galls stops nutrient and water transport to the tissues. In general, infected trees show less vigor and reduced growth. As the knots grow, they girdle and kill off afflicted twigs, resulting in a reduction of fruit size and quality or the death of the tree in case of newly-planted orchards.


The symptoms are caused by a type of bacterium of the species Pseudomonas savastanoi. This pathogen thrives on the bark rather than the leaves of olive trees. The severity of the infection varies from the variety, but young olive trees are generally more susceptible than older ones. The bacteria survive in the knots and is excreted as part of an infectious bacterial ooze when it rains. It is spread to healthy plants via rain splashes or mechanically throughout the year. Leaf scars, bark cracks, pruning or harvest wounds favor its dispersal. Freezing damage during winter is particularly problematic as it usually coincides with rainy days, creating the perfect conditions for an epidemics. Galls appear from within 10 days to several months after infections, singly or in series.

Biological Control

Two preventive bactericide applications per year (fall and spring) with organic, copper-based products greatly reduced the formation of knots on the trees. Pruning wounds should also be treated with copper containing bactericides (Bordeaux mixture for example) to minimize the possibility of contamination. Some products containing copper sulfate are also allowed in certified organic agriculture.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments if available. This pathogen is extremely difficult to control. Two preventive bactericide applications per year (fall and spring) of copper-based products (together with mancozeb) greatly reduced the incidence of the disease in the orchards. Pruning wounds should also be treated with copper containing bactericides to minimize the possibility of contamination. Trees harvested mechanically should be treated immediately after harvest.

Preventive Measures

    Choose resistant varieties, if availablePrune out the affected branches with galls during the dry seasonAvoid to work in orchards when the foliage is wet, mainly at harvestIf possible, avoid harvesting when rain is predictedWork with sanitized shears and equipment and disinfect them regularly while working


Regional Weather

Get detailed forecast and actual weather data.

Plantix offers detailed weather information on the following issues:



Air Pressure


Wind speed

Plantix Community

Get in touch with experts around the world.

Post your questions

You can post your questions and pictures and get feedback from other farmers or gardeners. Plantix' experts will answer your questions related to plant diseases and pests.


Exchange with Plantix users around you, in your language and related to the crops you grow.

Global Community

Connect to farmers, gardeners, experts and interested people around the world that discuss plant diseases, remedies and best practice for sustainable farming.

AI-Driven Disease Detection

Instant diagnostics and solutions based on your picture

Image Recognition

Plantix analyzes your picture within a few seconds and gives you instant feedback on your plant problem.

Customized Management Options

On top of the detection result, Plantix offers you a detailed description of possible solutions - both biological and conventional.

Preventive measures

Plantix offers information on preventive measures to protect your crop from the next attack.