Bacterial Leaf Blight


Bacterial Leaf Blight

Xanthomonas phaseoli


In a Nutshell

    Small, water-soaked spots with lemon-yellow margins on the leavesSpots grow into dry, brown and necrotic lesionsAt later infection stages the plants defoliateReddish and yellow streaks exudate on the stem

Hosts: %1$s

· Gram


The infection can occur at any growth stage. The symptoms differ slightly depending on the plant age. Seedlings with injured growing tips and angular water-soaked spots on primary leaves and stems develop from infected seeds. The plants show a characteristic wilt during the day. If the infection occurs during later growth stages, the leaves show small, water-soaked spots with lemon-yellow margins. Over time, they grow into brown, necrotic lesions that give the plant a burnt appearance. This might result in defoliation. Infected plants remain dwarf and produce few pods with reddish-brown or brick-red lesions. The stem develops reddish streaks. It often splits and releases a yellowish exudate. If the infection occurs during pod development, the seeds may appear shriveled, shrunken, rotten or discolored.


The bacteria Xanthomonas phaseoli remain dormant for several years in the soil, seed coat, alternative hosts and on plant debris. Rainy, wet and warm weather conditions (25-35°C) and humidity favor the occurrence. The disease is heavily spread through wind driven rain, rain splashes and insects (grasshoppers and bean beetles). Natural openings and wounds on plants also favor the occurrence.

Biological Control

Sorry, we don't know of any alternative treatment against Xanthomonas phaseoli . Please get in touch with us in case you know of something that might help to fight this disease. Looking forward hearing from you.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments if available. Chemical treatment of the disease may be inviable because the bacteria might develop resistance in the long term. If bactericides are needed, products containing copper and streptomycin (antibiotic) should be applied as seed and foliar treatments.

Preventive Measures

    Use certified, pathogen-free seed materialPlant resilient tolerant or resistant varietiesCheck your plants or fields for signs of diseaseEnsure suitable planting time in the areaAvoid sprinkler irrigationKeep your equipment and tools cleanRemove or destroy infected plants by burning themCrop rotation with non-host crops (maize) is recommended for the given period


Regional Weather

Get detailed forecast and actual weather data.

Plantix offers detailed weather information on the following issues:



Air Pressure


Wind speed

Plantix Community

Get in touch with experts around the world.

Post your questions

You can post your questions and pictures and get feedback from other farmers or gardeners. Plantix' experts will answer your questions related to plant diseases and pests.


Exchange with Plantix users around you, in your language and related to the crops you grow.

Global Community

Connect to farmers, gardeners, experts and interested people around the world that discuss plant diseases, remedies and best practice for sustainable farming.

AI-Driven Disease Detection

Instant diagnostics and solutions based on your picture

Image Recognition

Plantix analyzes your picture within a few seconds and gives you instant feedback on your plant problem.

Customized Management Options

On top of the detection result, Plantix offers you a detailed description of possible solutions - both biological and conventional.

Preventive measures

Plantix offers information on preventive measures to protect your crop from the next attack.