Bean Leaf Beetle

  • Symptoms

  • Trigger

  • Biological Control

  • Chemical Control

  • Preventive Measures

Bean Leaf Beetle

Cerotoma trifurcata

Insect


In a Nutshell

  • Feeding damage on roots and root nodules.
  • Feeding damage on foliage and developing pods.
  • Vector of viruses.

Hosts

Bean

Pea

Soybean

Symptoms

Larvae and adults feed on roots, root nodules, cotyledons, leaves (often the underside) and pods. The rupture of root and vascular tissues might reduce nitrogen fixation. Damage on leaf blades appear as small, almost round holes scattered over the leaf. Pods fed upon have a scarred appearance. Yields and seed quality are reduced due to feeding damage on pods. Damaged pods hold an entry for microorganisms like fungi and bacteria. If Cerotoma trifurcata occurs early in the season, it might lead to seedling injury, defoliation and seed discoloration.

Trigger

The adults are about 6 mm long and dark yellow to red in color. Their wings can be covered with characteristic rectangular marks and they have a black triangle in the neck region. Adult females lays eggs in the upper two inches of soil near the plant stems. One female lays 125 to 250 eggs during her life. The eggs hatch in four to 14 days depending on soil temperature. The larvae are white colored with a dark brown or black head. Adults overwinter in various habitats around soybean fields. The bean leaf beetle serves as a vector for several types of viruses.

Biological Control

At the moment, no effective biological control of the pest is known.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments if available. If the damage is bound to cause significant yield decrease, consider applying chemicals. Insecticides of the group of pyrethroid, lambda-cyhalothrin or dimethoate can help to reduce population of the pest.

Preventive Measures

Count insects and assess plant damage early in the season.,Perform large crop rotation.,Plough deep and avoid planting other legumes nearby.