Crown Rot

  • Symptoms

  • Trigger

  • Biological Control

  • Chemical Control

  • Preventive Measures

Crown Rot

Phytophthora cactorum

Fungus


In a Nutshell

  • Leaves turn brown, starting with the heart leaves.
  • Rotten spots appear in roots.
  • Only single plants in larger plantation are affected.

Hosts

Grape

Strawberry

Symptoms

After an infection with crown rot, single leaves start to turn brown. Starting with the heart leaves, the aerial plant parts wither and finally die off. Inside the root, you can find clearly delimited, red brown, rotten spots. These are causing the disruption of the plants water provision. The symptoms of Crown Rot appear in spring, very soon after blossom. Healthy plants growing in the immediate neighborhood of infected plants, which is typical for the disease. In warm spring weather, first losses appear after 4-6 weeks.

Trigger

The Crown Rot pathogen is a fungus (Phytophthora cactorum) that can survive in the soil for years. Its zoospores depend on free water to spread and are be distributed by splashing water. Waterlogging is a common source of Root Rot fungus infection.

Biological Control

No direct treatment is possible. Apply preventive measures to avoid infection.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments if available. Apply Mefenoxam and Metalaxyl by drip irrigation to contaminated areas to prevent reinfections.

Preventive Measures

Plant in well-drained areas.,Avoid overwatering.,Avoid direct contact of leaves or fruits with the soil.,Use wood wool or straw as underlays.,Do not plant in contaminated areas.,Use resilient varieties.